Kanembu warriors and their mounted chief in an illustration from Heinrich Barth’s Travels and Discoveries, Vol. III, 1857
The Kanembu are an ethnic group of Chad, generally considered the modern descendants of the Kanem-Borno Empire. The Kanembu number an estimated 655,000 people, located primarily in Chad’s Lac Prefecture but also in Chari-Baguirmi and Kanem prefectures. They speak the Kanembu language, from which derived the Kanuri language, with many speaking Arabic as a second language.